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Nawata, K. & Yamaguchi, H. (2013).
Intergroup retaliation and intragroup praise gain: the effect of expected cooperation from the ingroup on intergroup vicarious retribution
Asian Journal of Social Psychology,16, 279-285.

[DOI: 10.1111/ajsp.12032]

[Title]
Intergroup retaliation and intragroup praise gain: the effect of expected cooperation from the ingroup on intergroup vicarious retribution

[Abstruct]
Intergroup vicarious retribution is the phenomenon whereby, after an outgroup member attacks an ingroup member, a member of the victimfs group retaliates against a member of the perpetratorfs group. This study examined the effect of expected cooperation from the ingroup on intergroup vicarious retribution through intragroup reputation based on praise gain and exclusion avoidance. In the experiment, we conducted a one-on-one match in the situation which after participants were informed that an outgroup member as winner had imposed a fine on an ingroup member as loser in a previous round, participants as winner was allowed to impose an arbitrary fine on the other outgroup member as loser. As predicted, participants imposed a larger fine on their outgroup member opponent as retaliation when they were expected to cooperate by ingroup members than when such cooperation was not expected. Furthermore, participants regarded a fine as intragroup cooperation. Path analysis revealed a mediating effect of praise gain but no mediating effect of exclusion avoidance. Therefore, expected cooperation from ingroup members facilitated vicarious retribution because those involved in such retribution sought praise from other ingroup members. Findings suggest that intergroup conflict is escalated by intragroup reputation dynamics of expected cooperation and praise gain.
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[Keywords]
intergroup vicarious retribution, intergroup conflict, intergroup relations, reputation, revenge, retaliation

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